chemical facts


/ chemical facts/ bibliography and links

Ashton, Karen and Salter Green, Elizabeth (2006) The Toxic Consumer: How to Reduce Your Exposure to Everyday Toxic Chemicals. Bath: Impact Publishing Ltd

A fascinating, scary and sometimes funny book, which makes the intimidating issue of toxic chemicals accessible and easy to grasp by providing down-to-earth explanations of where we come into contact with toxic man-made chemicals, what consequences they can have on our health and well-being and how to minimise our exposure to them in our non-stick, easy-clean, fire-retardant, disposable lifestyles.

Blackburn, Richard S. (2005), Introduction, in R. S Blackburn (ed), Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres, Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing

An indispensable book that discusses the major fibre types, inlcuding bast fibres and looks at biodegradable and sustainable fibres as an effective way of reducing the harm disposed textiles have on the environment, edited by a leading authority in the field with contributions from experts worldwide.

Braugart, Michael and McDonough, William (2009) Cradle to Cradle. London: Vintage

Guided by the principle waste equals food, this book explains how products can be designed from the outset so that, after their useful lives, they provide nourishment for something fresh - continually circulating as pure and viable materials within a 'cradle to cradle' model. It makes a viable case for putting eco-effectiveness into practice.

Carson, Rachel (1962) Silent Spring. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company

When Silent Spring was first published, Rachel Carson was already a well-known writer on natural history, but had not previously been a social critic. The book was widely read and inspired widespread public concerns with pesticides and pollution of the environment. The book documented detrimental effects of pesticides on the environment, particularly on birds, eventually facilitating the ban of the pesticide DDT in 1972 in the United States.

Goleman, Daniel (2009) Ecological Intelligence. London: Penguin Books Ltd

This provocative book looks at our consumer thinking about issues such as the environment, health hazards or child labour and the phenomenon of radical transparency - the availability of complete information about all aspects of a product`s history which Goleman believes can transform the power of consumers and the fate of business.

Fletcher, Kate (2008). Sustainable Fashion and Textiles: Design Journeys. London: Earthscan

An all-you-need-to-know handbook that presents a new vision of sustainability in the fashion and textile sector based on design thinking and practice. It brings together for the first time information about lifecycle environmental impacts, practical alternatives, design concepts and social innovation, and frames them in a sustainability context. It challenges existing ideas about the scope and potential of sustainable fashion and textiles, and sets out a broader, more inter-connected and forward-looking picture presenting a combination of long-term and short-term solutions.

Hibbert, Ros (2004). Textile Innovation: Interactive, Contemporary and Traditional Materials, 2nd edition, London: Line

A comprehensive textile reference for student and industry designers.

Johansen, Bruce, E. (2003). The Dirty Dozen: Toxic Chemicals and the Earth’s Future, Connecticut: Praeger Publishers

This book examines the history, industrial uses, and harmful effects of the twelve most commonly used organochloride chemicals, which have all been fully or partially banned by the Stockholm Protocol, an international treaty signed by about 120 countries in December 2000. Among the twelve are the dioxins (the active ingredient in Agent Orange) and polychlorinated byphenyls (PCBs), which are toxic in minute quantities. The book looks specifically at the bio-accumulating effects of these chemicals and the relationship between ozone depletion and emissions of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs); it also looks at how persistent organic pollutants have inflicted physiological damage on humans and other animals.

Quinn, Bradley. (2010) Textile Futures, Fashion, Design and Technology. Oxford: Berg

Textile Futures examines the changing role of textiles; the book is a tool for any fashion designer, interior designer or student designer interested in following developments in the field of textiles, seeking sustainable sources, or just eager to learn more about revolutionary materials and the science of new textile technology.

Journals and Reports

Riddselius, Christopher (2010) A Report on Sandblasted Denim. Sweden: Fair Trade Center

Sharpe, R and Irvine, S. (2004) How Strong is the Evidence of a link Between Environmental Chemicals and Adverse Effects on Human Reproductive Health? BMJ, vol 328 447-451.

Sigmund, Elizabeth (2000) Proceedings from Workshop on Research on Organophosphates, London: Society of Chemical Industry


Legislation and Labelling:

Braugart, Micheal and McDonough, William (2010) Cradle to Cradle Framework, McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry (MBDC)

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Consultation on the implementation of EU pesticides legislation

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) EU chemical policy: REACH

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Chemical Policy

Earth Pledge (2010) Sustainable Certifications

European Chemicals Agency (2010) European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)

European Commission (2010) Industry and Technology EU Ecolabel

European Parliament Directive 2005/84/EC (2005) Official Journal of the European Union,

Fairtrade Foundation (2010) What is Fairtrade?

Global Organic Textile Standard (2010) Certification

Global Organic Textile Standard (2010) Ecology and Social Responsibility: The Standard

Global Organic Textile Standard (2010) Licensing and Labeling Guide

Greenpeace (2005) Safer Chemicals Within Reach: Using the Substitution Principle to drive Green Chemistry

Health and Safety Executive (2010) Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH)

Oeko-Tex (2010) One world - one label, Confidence in Textiles

Organic Trade Association (2010) Who We Are

Pesticide Action Network UK (2010) International Conventions

REACH (2010) Reach Legal Text

REACH (2010) Unofficial Consolidated Version

REACHREADY (2006) Basics Summary

SKAL (2010) EC Legislation

Soil Association (2010) Organic Standards

Textile fibres and fabrics:

Advansa (2005) Biophyl™

Aura Herbal Wear (2007-8) What is Organic Textile?

Australian Wool Innovation Limited (2010) Parasites

Bamboo Clothing (2005-2010) About bamboo clothing: Why is it better?

Coleman, Kayla (2010) Leather vs. PVC . Care2 Petitionsite

Copeland, Todd (2010) How Eco-Friendly is Bamboo Fabric, Really? Patagonia, Ecouterre

Cotton Made in Africa (2011) African Cotton

Crabyon (2010)

Earth Pledge (2010) Sustainable Fibers

Earth Pledge (2010) Future Fashion, Sustainable Techniques

Earth Protex (2009) Raw Materials – Hemp

Ecofibre (2010) Hemp History

Ecouterre (2010) Pina Fiber: A Resilient Plant for Exotic Tastes

Ecowool Pure New Zealand (2003-2006) About Ecowool

Environmental Justice Foundation (2010) Pesticides and Cotton

Environmental Justice Foundation (2010) Pick your Cotton Carefully

Environmental Justice Foundation (2007) The Deadly Chemicals in Cotton, Environmental Justice Foundation in collaboration with Pesticide Action Network UK

Ethical Trading Initiative (2009) Sourcing Cotton Responsibly

Ethos Paris (2010) Alpaca from Bolivia : Eco by nature

Gambell, Tasmin (2009) Materials Sustainability, Eco Colour, WGSN

Hibbert, Ros (2008) Materials Sustainability, Denim Innovation: natural dyes and green laundry part 1. WGSN

Hibbert, Ros (2008) Materials Sustainability, Denim Innovation: natural dyes and green laundry part 2. WGSN

Innovation in Textiles News (2010) Tejin develops V4 cationic-dyeable polyester

Jooji (2010)

Malik Chua, Jasmin (2009) Bamboozled? Bamboo Fabric Far From Eco-Friendly, Says FTC, TreeHugger

Masters of Linen (2009) Natural Fibres, Natural Materials for a Low Carbon Future.

Moral Fibre (2010) My shirt is my Message

Materia (2010) Lenpur[material_uid]=1825&cHash=f40c34cb07

Microban Antibacterial Protection, (2010)

Natural Cotton Color (2010)

NatureWorks. (2010) Inego: Eco-Profile & LCA

Patagonia (2010) Reducing and Reusing Wherever Possible

Patagonia (2010) Fabric: Recycled Nylon

Pesticide Action Network UK (2007) My Sustainable T- Shirt: Guide to Organic, Fair Trade, and other Eco Standards and labels for Cotton textiles

Phillips, Stephanie (2008) Materials Sustainability, Bioplastics, WGSN

Remei (2010) Safety code protected: transparency all the way, Cotton Times: Issue1/2010

Rhovyl (2010) What is Rhovyl Fibre?

Smart Fibre (2010) SeaCell

Sustainable Cotton Project (2011) Manufacturers: Cleaner Cotton™ Campaign

Swedish Chemicals Agency (2009) Chemicals in Textiles

Swicofil (2010)

Tactel (2008) TACTEL® fiber is a registered trademark of INVISTA

Well Cultivated (2010) Bamboo Fabric

Well Cultivated (2008) Eco Fabrics – Sorting the Truth Out from the Hype

Human Health:

Breyer, Melissa (2009) Pesticides Linked to Parkinson’s Disease, Care2

Breyer, Melissa (2009) Study Links Pesticides and ADHD, Care2

Centre for Environmental Heath (2008) Eliminating Toxics

Chemical Body Burden (2010) Chemical Body Burden; What is Body Burden?

Chlorine Institute Inc, The (2008) About CI

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2003) Pesticide use the environmental issues, London: Defra Publications

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Chemicals: Pesticides

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Chemical Policy

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Hormone (endocrine) disrupting substances in the environment

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Specific chemical issues

Ecouterre (2010) Silver Nanoparticles in Clothing Could Harm Plant Life, Says New Study

Environmental Justice Foundation (2010) Pesticides and Cotton

Environmental Justice Foundation (2007) The Deadly Chemicals in Cotton, Environmental Justice Foundation in collaboration with Pesticide Action Network UK

Environmental Protection Agency (2010) EPA Action to Terminate Endosulfan

Environmental Working Group (2010) Chemical Index

Environmental Working Group (2010) The Environment: BodyBurden

Environmental Working Group (2010) US Senate Investigates Chemicals in People

Formaldehyde Working Group (1999) Formaldehyde, Introduction to Health, Safety and Environmental Protection

Greenpeace International (2006) A Chance for Change, Greenpeace

Greenpeace (2007). Cleaning Up our Chemical Homes. 2nd Edition, Greenpeace

Greenpeace (2003) Human Impacts of Man-Made Chemicals

Greenpeace (2005) Poisoning the Unborn

Parrasch, Suzi (2010) Is Your Clothing Laced With Formaldehyde?

Pesticide Action Network UK (2010) Pesticides and Health: Acute Toxicity

Pesticide Action Network UK (2010) Pesticides and Health: Chonic Toxicity

Pesticide Action Network UK (2010) Routes of Exposure

Siegel Bernard, T. (2010) When Wrinkle-Free Clothing Also Means Formaldehyde Fumes

Smith, Stephanie (2010) Toxic chemicals finding their way into the womb, CNN.

United Nations Environment Programme (2005) Ridding the World of POPS: A Guide to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

United States Government Accountability Office (2010) Formaldehyde

Inks and Dyes:

Colour Maker Industries (2008) Permaset Aqua Technical Data Sheet

Dystar (2010) Sustainability at Dystar

Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) (2010) Low Impact Dyes. Zee-Spot

Fuji Film Sericol (2010)

Genencor (2007) Huntsman & Genencor introduce Gentle Power Bleach™





/ textiles: the good

/ textiles: the bad

/ textiles: the ugly

/ sustainable textiles

/ REACH legislation

/ textile labelling

/ glossary

/ bibliography and links