chemical facts
   
 

 

/ chemical facts/ bibliography and links

Books:
Ashton, Karen and Salter Green, Elizabeth (2006) The Toxic Consumer: How to Reduce Your Exposure to Everyday Toxic Chemicals. Bath: Impact Publishing Ltd

A fascinating, scary and sometimes funny book, which makes the intimidating issue of toxic chemicals accessible and easy to grasp by providing down-to-earth explanations of where we come into contact with toxic man-made chemicals, what consequences they can have on our health and well-being and how to minimise our exposure to them in our non-stick, easy-clean, fire-retardant, disposable lifestyles.

Blackburn, Richard S. (2005), Introduction, in R. S Blackburn (ed), Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres, Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing

An indispensable book that discusses the major fibre types, inlcuding bast fibres and looks at biodegradable and sustainable fibres as an effective way of reducing the harm disposed textiles have on the environment, edited by a leading authority in the field with contributions from experts worldwide.

Braugart, Michael and McDonough, William (2009) Cradle to Cradle. London: Vintage

Guided by the principle waste equals food, this book explains how products can be designed from the outset so that, after their useful lives, they provide nourishment for something fresh - continually circulating as pure and viable materials within a 'cradle to cradle' model. It makes a viable case for putting eco-effectiveness into practice.

Carson, Rachel (1962) Silent Spring. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company

When Silent Spring was first published, Rachel Carson was already a well-known writer on natural history, but had not previously been a social critic. The book was widely read and inspired widespread public concerns with pesticides and pollution of the environment. The book documented detrimental effects of pesticides on the environment, particularly on birds, eventually facilitating the ban of the pesticide DDT in 1972 in the United States.

Goleman, Daniel (2009) Ecological Intelligence. London: Penguin Books Ltd

This provocative book looks at our consumer thinking about issues such as the environment, health hazards or child labour and the phenomenon of radical transparency - the availability of complete information about all aspects of a product`s history which Goleman believes can transform the power of consumers and the fate of business.

Fletcher, Kate (2008). Sustainable Fashion and Textiles: Design Journeys. London: Earthscan

An all-you-need-to-know handbook that presents a new vision of sustainability in the fashion and textile sector based on design thinking and practice. It brings together for the first time information about lifecycle environmental impacts, practical alternatives, design concepts and social innovation, and frames them in a sustainability context. It challenges existing ideas about the scope and potential of sustainable fashion and textiles, and sets out a broader, more inter-connected and forward-looking picture presenting a combination of long-term and short-term solutions.

Hibbert, Ros (2004). Textile Innovation: Interactive, Contemporary and Traditional Materials, 2nd edition, London: Line

A comprehensive textile reference for student and industry designers.

Johansen, Bruce, E. (2003). The Dirty Dozen: Toxic Chemicals and the Earth’s Future, Connecticut: Praeger Publishers

This book examines the history, industrial uses, and harmful effects of the twelve most commonly used organochloride chemicals, which have all been fully or partially banned by the Stockholm Protocol, an international treaty signed by about 120 countries in December 2000. Among the twelve are the dioxins (the active ingredient in Agent Orange) and polychlorinated byphenyls (PCBs), which are toxic in minute quantities. The book looks specifically at the bio-accumulating effects of these chemicals and the relationship between ozone depletion and emissions of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs); it also looks at how persistent organic pollutants have inflicted physiological damage on humans and other animals.

Quinn, Bradley. (2010) Textile Futures, Fashion, Design and Technology. Oxford: Berg

Textile Futures examines the changing role of textiles; the book is a tool for any fashion designer, interior designer or student designer interested in following developments in the field of textiles, seeking sustainable sources, or just eager to learn more about revolutionary materials and the science of new textile technology.


Journals and Reports

Riddselius, Christopher (2010) A Report on Sandblasted Denim. Sweden: Fair Trade Center

Sharpe, R and Irvine, S. (2004) How Strong is the Evidence of a link Between Environmental Chemicals and Adverse Effects on Human Reproductive Health? BMJ, vol 328 447-451.

Sigmund, Elizabeth (2000) Proceedings from Workshop on Research on Organophosphates, London: Society of Chemical Industry


WEBSITE LINKS

Legislation and Labelling:

Braugart, Micheal and McDonough, William (2010) Cradle to Cradle Framework, McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry (MBDC) http://mbdc.com/detail.aspx?linkid=1&sublink=6
and http://mbdc.com/images/whitepaper_efficiency-optimization-Feb2010-v2.pdf

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Consultation on the implementation of EU pesticides legislation http://www.defra.gov.uk/corporate/consult/pesticides/100209-pesticides-condoc.pdf

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) EU chemical policy: REACH http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/quality/chemicals/reach/index.htm

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Chemical Policy http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/quality/chemicals/ukpolicy.htm

Earth Pledge (2010) Sustainable Certifications
http://www.earthpledge.org/ff/sustainable-certifications

European Chemicals Agency (2010) European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
http://echa.europa.eu/home_en.asp/

European Commission (2010) Industry and Technology EU Ecolabel
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ecolabel/

European Parliament Directive 2005/84/EC (2005) Official Journal of the European Union, http://www.uk.sgs.com/cts_phthalates_2005_84_eec.pdf

Fairtrade Foundation (2010) What is Fairtrade?
http://www.fairtrade.org.uk/

Global Organic Textile Standard (2010) Certification
http://www.global-standard.org/certification.html

Global Organic Textile Standard (2010) Ecology and Social Responsibility: The Standard
http://www.global-standards.org

Global Organic Textile Standard (2010) Licensing and Labeling Guide
http://www.global-standard.org/licencing-and-labeling/licensing-and-labeling-guide.html

Greenpeace (2005) Safer Chemicals Within Reach: Using the Substitution Principle to drive Green Chemistry http://eu.greenpeace.org

Health and Safety Executive (2010) Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH)
http://hse.gov.uk/coshh/

Oeko-Tex (2010) One world - one label, Confidence in Textiles
http://www.oeko-tex.com

Organic Trade Association (2010) Who We Are
http://www.ota.com/about/accomplishments.html

Pesticide Action Network UK (2010) International Conventions
http://www.pan-uk.org/regulation-coventions/blog

REACH (2010) Reach Legal Text
http://www.hse.gov.uk/reach/legislation.htm

REACH (2010) Unofficial Consolidated Version
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:2006R1907:20090627:EN:PDF

REACHREADY (2006) Basics Summary
http://www.reachready.co.uk

SKAL (2010) EC Legislation
http://www.skal.nl/English/EClegislation/tabid/108/Default.aspx

Soil Association (2010) Organic Standards
http://www.soilassociation.org/Whyorganic/tabid/86/Default.aspx

Textile fibres and fabrics:

Advansa (2005) Biophyl™
http://www.advansa.com/fibres-yarns-en/biophylTM/Biophyl

Aura Herbal Wear (2007-8) What is Organic Textile?
http://www.auraherbalwear.com/WhatIsOrganic.aspx?mid=2&pid=21

Australian Wool Innovation Limited (2010) Parasites
http://www.wool.com/Grow_Animal-Health_Parasites.htm

Bamboo Clothing (2005-2010) About bamboo clothing: Why is it better? http://www.bambooclothing.co.uk/why_is_bamboo_better.html

Coleman, Kayla (2010) Leather vs. PVC . Care2 Petitionsite
http://www.care2.com/greenliving/leather-vs-pvc.html

Copeland, Todd (2010) How Eco-Friendly is Bamboo Fabric, Really? Patagonia, Ecouterre
http://www.ecouterre.com/how-eco-friendly-is-bamboo-fabric-really/

Cotton Made in Africa (2011) African Cotton
http://www.cotton-made-in-africa.com/en/african-cotton/cotton-growing.html

Crabyon (2010)
http://www.crabyon.it/Outlinee.html

Earth Pledge (2010) Sustainable Fibers
http://www.earthpledge.org/sustainable-fibers.php

Earth Pledge (2010) Future Fashion, Sustainable Techniques
http://www.earthpledge.org/ff/sustainable-techniques

Earth Protex (2009) Raw Materials – Hemp
http://www.cantiva.com/cantiva.html

Ecofibre (2010) Hemp History
http://ecofibre.com.au/hemp-history

Ecouterre (2010) Pina Fiber: A Resilient Plant for Exotic Tastes
http://www.ecouterre.com/pina-fiber-a-resilient-plant-for-exotic-tastes/

Ecowool Pure New Zealand (2003-2006) About Ecowool
http://www.ecowool.com/about_ecowool.php

Environmental Justice Foundation (2010) Pesticides and Cotton
http://www.ejfoundation.org/page332.html

Environmental Justice Foundation (2010) Pick your Cotton Carefully
http://www.ejfoundation.org/page141.html

Environmental Justice Foundation (2007) The Deadly Chemicals in Cotton, Environmental Justice Foundation in collaboration with Pesticide Action Network UK
http://www.ejfoundation.org/pdf/the_deadly_chemicals_in_cotton.pdf

Ethical Trading Initiative (2009) Sourcing Cotton Responsibly
http://www.ethicaltrade.org/in-action/issues/cotton

Ethos Paris (2010) Alpaca from Bolivia : Eco by nature
http://www.ethosparis.com

Gambell, Tasmin (2009) Materials Sustainability, Eco Colour, WGSN
http://www.wgsn.com/members/

Hibbert, Ros (2008) Materials Sustainability, Denim Innovation: natural dyes and green laundry part 1. WGSN http://wgsn.com/members/materilas/features/mt2008apr11_084080

Hibbert, Ros (2008) Materials Sustainability, Denim Innovation: natural dyes and green laundry part 2. WGSN
http://wgsn.com/members/materilas/features/mt2008apr18_084150

Innovation in Textiles News (2010) Tejin develops V4 cationic-dyeable polyester
http://www.innovationintextiles.com/articles/438.php

Jooji (2010)
http://www.jooji.co.uk/about.php

Malik Chua, Jasmin (2009) Bamboozled? Bamboo Fabric Far From Eco-Friendly, Says FTC, TreeHugger http://www.treehugger.com/files/2009/08/bamboo-ftc.php

Masters of Linen (2009) Natural Fibres, Natural Materials for a Low Carbon Future. http://www.mastersoflinen.com/en/view_article.php
?id=113&PHPSESSID=bbed49c742079130f8cc916b5b1437c2

Moral Fibre (2010) My shirt is my Message
http://www.moralfibre-fabrics.com

Materia (2010) Lenpur
http://www.materia.nl/575.0.html?&user_material[material_uid]=1825&cHash=f40c34cb07

Microban Antibacterial Protection, (2010)
http://www.microban.com/europe/english/about-us/

Natural Cotton Color (2010)
http://www.naturalcottoncolor.com.br/

NatureWorks. (2010) Inego: Eco-Profile & LCA
http://natureworksllc.com/the-inego-journey/eco-profile-andlca.aspx

Patagonia (2010) Reducing and Reusing Wherever Possible
http://www.patagonia.com/web/us/patagonia.go?assetid=37606

Patagonia (2010) Fabric: Recycled Nylon
http://www.patagonia.com/web/us/patagonia.go?assetid=37606

Pesticide Action Network UK (2007) My Sustainable T- Shirt: Guide to Organic, Fair Trade, and other Eco Standards and labels for Cotton textiles
http://www.pan-uk.org/publications/my-sustainable-t-shirt

Phillips, Stephanie (2008) Materials Sustainability, Bioplastics, WGSN
http://wgsn.com/members/

Remei (2010) Safety code protected: transparency all the way, Cotton Times: Issue1/2010 http://www.remei.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/PDF/
Downloads_Deutsch/Cotton_Times_April_2010_Edition_01.pdf

Rhovyl (2010) What is Rhovyl Fibre?
http://www.rhovyl.fr/pageshtml-gb/labels/questrho.html

Smart Fibre (2010) SeaCell
http://www.smartfiber.de/index.php?option=com_
content&view=article&id=14&Itemid=52&lang=en

Sustainable Cotton Project (2011) Manufacturers: Cleaner Cotton™ Campaign http://www.sustainablecotton.org/html/manufacturers/manufacturers.html

Swedish Chemicals Agency (2009) Chemicals in Textiles
http://kemi.se

Swicofil (2010)
http://www.swicofil.com/products.html

Tactel (2008) TACTEL® fiber is a registered trademark of INVISTA
http://www.tactel.com/en/about/tactel_environment-processing.htm

Well Cultivated (2010) Bamboo Fabric
http://www.wellcultivated.co.uk/bamboo-fabric

Well Cultivated (2008) Eco Fabrics – Sorting the Truth Out from the Hype
http://www.wellcultivated.co.uk/blog/2008/12/
eco-fabrics-%e2%80%93-sorting-the-truth-out-from-the-hype/#menu7


Human Health:

Breyer, Melissa (2009) Pesticides Linked to Parkinson’s Disease, Care2
http://www.care2.com/greenliving/pesticides-linked-to-parkinsons-disease.html

Breyer, Melissa (2009) Study Links Pesticides and ADHD, Care2
http://www.care2.com/greenliving/study-links-pesticides-and-adhd.html?page=2

Centre for Environmental Heath (2008) Eliminating Toxics http://www.ceh.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=36&Itemid=51

Chemical Body Burden (2010) Chemical Body Burden; What is Body Burden?
http://www.chemicalbodyburden.org/whatisbb.htm

Chlorine Institute Inc, The (2008) About CI
http://www.chlorineinstitute.org

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2003) Pesticide use the environmental issues, London: Defra Publications http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/uploadedfiles/Web_Assets/
Pesticides_Forum/Pesticides_Forum_Pesticide_use_Env.pdf

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Chemicals: Pesticides http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/quality/chemicals/pesticides.htm

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Chemical Policy http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/quality/chemicals/ukpolicy.htm

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Hormone (endocrine) disrupting substances in the environment
http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/quality/chemicals/hormone/index.htm

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2010) Specific chemical issues http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/quality/chemicals/specific.htm

Ecouterre (2010) Silver Nanoparticles in Clothing Could Harm Plant Life, Says New Study
http://www.ecouterre.com/silver-nanoparticles-in-clothing-could-harm-plant-life-says-new-study/

Environmental Justice Foundation (2010) Pesticides and Cotton
http://www.ejfoundation.org/page332.html

Environmental Justice Foundation (2007) The Deadly Chemicals in Cotton, Environmental Justice Foundation in collaboration with Pesticide Action Network UK
http://www.ejfoundation.org/pdf/the_deadly_chemicals_in_cotton.pdf

Environmental Protection Agency (2010) EPA Action to Terminate Endosulfan
http://epa.gov/pesticides/reregistration/endosulfan-cancl-fs.html

Environmental Working Group (2010) Chemical Index
http://www.ewg.org/chemindex

Environmental Working Group (2010) The Environment: BodyBurden
http://www.ewg.org/featured/15

Environmental Working Group (2010) US Senate Investigates Chemicals in People
http://www.ewg.org/kid-safe-chemicals-act-blog/2010/02/senate-investigates-chemicals-in-people

Formaldehyde Working Group (1999) Formaldehyde, Introduction to Health, Safety and Environmental Protection http://www.cefic.be/Files/Publications/formaldehyde22092000.pdf

Greenpeace International (2006) A Chance for Change, Greenpeace http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/
campaigns/toxics/chemicals-out-of-control/a-chance-for-change/

Greenpeace (2007). Cleaning Up our Chemical Homes. 2nd Edition, Greenpeace http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/international
/press/reports/chemical-home-company-progress.pdf

Greenpeace (2003) Human Impacts of Man-Made Chemicals
http://www.greenpeace.org.uk/toxics

Greenpeace (2005) Poisoning the Unborn
http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/news/features/poisoning-the-unborn111/

Parrasch, Suzi (2010) Is Your Clothing Laced With Formaldehyde?
http://www.care2.com/causes/health-policy/blog/is-your-clothing-laced-with-formaldehyde

Pesticide Action Network UK (2010) Pesticides and Health: Acute Toxicity
http://www.pan-uk.org/health/acute-toxicity

Pesticide Action Network UK (2010) Pesticides and Health: Chonic Toxicity
http://www.pan-uk.org/health/chronic-toxicity

Pesticide Action Network UK (2010) Routes of Exposure
http://www.pan-uk.org/health/routes-of-exposure

Siegel Bernard, T. (2010) When Wrinkle-Free Clothing Also Means Formaldehyde Fumes
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/11/your-money/11wrinkle.html?_r=1&emc=eta1

Smith, Stephanie (2010) Toxic chemicals finding their way into the womb, CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/06/01/backpack.cord.blood/index.html?hpt=C2

United Nations Environment Programme (2005) Ridding the World of POPS: A Guide to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
http://www.pops.int/documents/guidance/beg_guide.pdf

United States Government Accountability Office (2010) Formaldehyde http://www.cefic.be/Files/Publications/formaldehyde22092000.pdf

Inks and Dyes:

Colour Maker Industries (2008) Permaset Aqua Technical Data Sheet
http://www.permaset.com.au

Dystar (2010) Sustainability at Dystar
https://www1.dystar.com/highlights/sustainability.cfm?CFID=773974&CFTOKEN=32397154

Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) (2010) Low Impact Dyes. Zee-Spot
http://www.zee-spot.com/azofree_dyes.html

Fuji Film Sericol (2010)
http://www.fujifilmsericol.com

Genencor (2007) Huntsman & Genencor introduce Gentle Power Bleach™
http://www.genencor.com/wps/wcm/connect/genencor/
genencor/products_and_services/industrial_processing/textiles/textiles_en.htm

 

 

 

 






/ textiles: the good

/ textiles: the bad

/ textiles: the ugly

/ sustainable textiles

/ REACH legislation

/ textile labelling

/ glossary

/ bibliography and links